Towing heavy loads, such as campers or boats, takes some preparatory work for both driver and the vehicle. Technically, it’s easy to just get a hitch and be on your way, but you’ll have safer ride and your vehicle will do a better job if your first take the time to understand what’s involved. From figuring out your truck’s towing capacity to getting the extra features that will be useful for towing heavy duty vehicles and tractor trailers, it can all add up to a smoother and safer trip each time.
Determine your vehicle’s towing capacity
Different vehicles like trucks, SUVs, cars and minivans have different tow ratings which are determined by the manufacturers. Each vehicle has its towing capacity, which can be found in the owner’s manual or the manufacturer’s website. Exceeding this capacity can damage your vehicle’s engine, transmission, frame, or cooling system.
In addition, pick up trucks have a payload rating which must not be exceeded. This is the maximum weight that can be placed in the pick-up bed. In general, Diesel engines have higher towing capacities, such as tractor trailer towing, than those that run on gasoline or electric power. Trucks move as much as 70% of the freight by weight in the U.S. That takes some preparation and care.
Prepare your vehicle
Trailer Signal Wiring is plugged into the trailer to copy the signals from your vehicles, such as brake and turn signals. These are necessary because your vehicle’s tail lights are no longer visible from behind once the trailer is in place. Many vehicles like trucks that are intended to tow heavy loads, have oil cooling systems and transmission fluid cooling systems to prevent an extra strain on the engine and transmission.
If a vehicle will be used for towing heavy duty vehicles, it can put a strain on the engine and transmission. Heavy duty towing services guidelines include changing all fluids more frequently to avoid this problem.
Extra features for hauling services
Vehicles that will be used for regular towing services have some extra features that improve performance and safety. Some vehicles come with advanced features like Integrated Trailer Brake Control, which brakes the trailer in synchronicity with the vehicle’s brakes.
Hill Descent Control likewise improves stability and control on the road. These features can improve safety when towing tractor trailers and other heavy loads. Special tow and haul settings can be used on steep uphill roads. These will also improve fuel economy and power delivery, and use engine braking on steep descents.
Trucks towing heavy duty vehicles can be used for many different purposes, from construction, landscaping and environmental clean-up to towing a camper for a family holiday. Preparing your vehicle in advance can make the whole trip smoother and safer.